The History of Al-Azhar University ~ TURN ON YOUR LIFE

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

The History of Al-Azhar University

Al-Azhar University
Al-Azhar University


The long journey of Al-Azhar is now ahead of the age of 1000 years is interesting listening to. The first time since it was built on 29 Jumada Al-Ula 359 AH (970 AD) by Ash shiqillilalu Jauhar commander officially opened Friday and pray together on 7 Ramadan 361 H. , The first large institution like a mosque was never tired of the birth of the scholars and Muslim intellectuals. "The mosque at the same time the oldest educational institutions," the award's history for him.

The presence of Al-Azhar was separated from the role of bias Fathimi dynasty which was then headed by the Caliph Mu'iz li dinillah Ma'ad bin Al-Mansur (319-365 AD H./931-975), the fourth Caliph of the dynasty fathimiyyah virgin, much earlier when Islam began to spread to Egypt (641 AD) the days of Caliph Umar bin Khattab, formal Islamic education has actually been running since the founding of the first mosque in Africa.

Siwak has become an unwritten that the Islamic civilization in a region is always associated with the role of jami mosque '(the mosque) is the region. This may be inspired from the real work of Allah's Apostle SAW. When the migrated kemadinah. The first task that he did was build a mosque nabawi. This signifies the role of the mosque is not just limited to mere rituan activities. But more than that, the mosque is Islam's central government, educational facilities, the court, issued a fatwa place, and so forth.

This is then carried by 'Amr bin' Ash when the master of Egypt. On the orders of Caliph Umar, the commander of 'amru establish the first mosque in Africa that was later named the mosque' Amr bin Ash Fushthat city, as well as a center of Egyptian Islamic government when it is, then the days of the Abbasid dynasty moved the capital of this pemeintahan again to the city called Al-Qotho 'i and is characterized by the construction of a mosque named Ahmad bin Tholun.

Period after the pass, no matter pemeriuntahan turns. Arrive era Fathimiyyah Daulah (358 H./969 AD) the capital of Egypt moved to a new area on the order of Caliph Al-li Mu'iz Dinillah the assigned commander, Ash shiqilli Jauhar, to build a government center. After going through the stages of regional development is named after the town of Al Qohirah.

As the past history of Islam, every change Daulah is always marked by the construction of a mosque in the center of the capital. So less a year later, in tandem with the development of the city of Al-Qohirah also founded a mosque named Jami 'Al Qohirah (mimicking the name of the capital). All still in the handling of ASG Shiqilli panlima Jauhar.

At the time of Caliph al-Aziz billah, around the Jami 'Al Qohirah built a palace, called Al Qushur Zahirah Az. These palaces are mostly located on the east side (now west of the mosque husein), while some small remainder in the west (near the Al Azhar mosque now), the two castles were separated by a beautiful garden. Whole area is known as "Al-Mulukiyyah Fatimiyyin Madinatul". Circumstance that such a beautiful glow is encouraging people call Jami 'Al Qohirah with a new name, Jami' al-Azhar (Derived from the word Zahra 'meaning a shining, luminous, shimmering).

The caliph long ago realized that a continuation of Al-Azhar is not biased in terms of funding off. Therefore any waqf property caliph provide both personal as well as cash from the pockets of the country. Originator of the first endowment for the Al-Azhar spearheaded by the caliph al-Hakim bi amrillah, then followed by the next caliph, and the local rich people and the entire Islamic world to date. Waqf property has reportedly been mencapcai third of the wealth of Egypt. This is the wheel of the asset endowments of Al Azhar journey can continue to operate, including providing scholarships, dormitories, and delivery of Al Azhar envoys to various parts of the World.
From the mosques' Amr bin Ash and Ahmad bin Tholun, education shaft slowly moved to Al-Azhar.

Al-Azhar University, Cairo
Al-Azhar University

Al-Azhar University (pronounced "AZ-har", Arabic: جامعة الأزهر الشريف; Al-ʾ Azhar al-Sharif, Al-Azhar Noble), is one of the main centers of study of Arabic literature and assessment of Sunni Islam in the world and the university providers title of second oldest in the world. The university is associated with Al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo area.

At first the university was built by Bani Fatimid Ismaili Shiite sect that embraces, and the designation of Al-Azhar took the name of Lady Fatimah az-Zahra, the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad. This mosque was built around 970 ~ 972. The lesson began at Al-Azhar in Ramadan in October 975, when the chief justice Abul Hasan Ali ibn al-Nu'man start teaching from the book "Al-Overview" on the topic of Shiite jurisprudence. Madrasah, where religious education, which is connected with the mosque was built in 988. Later, it was a school for Sunnis ahead of mid-century, and continues to this day preserved.

Today, the mission of the university include the spread of Islamic religion and culture. To this end, the Islamic scholars (ulama) issued edicts (fatwa) to address various issues asked of them from the Sunni Muslim world, the behavior of individuals or the right of Muslim society (for example, recently the fatwa and the ban on the clarification and against female genital mutilation). Al-Azhar also trains pedakwah appointed by the Egyptian government.

Al-Azhar library is considered the second most important in Egypt after the Egyptian National Library and Archives. Al-Azhar in partnership with ITEP, an information technology company Dubai, in May 2005 launched the Project HE Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum for Preserving and Publishing a Manuscript of Al-Azhar Online ("Al-Azhar Online Project"); with a mission to provide online access to the public over the entire collection of rare manuscripts (consisting of about seven million pages) is owned by the library of Al-Azhar.

Faculty Son

Faculty of Medicine (Dumyat)
Faculty of Science (Cairo)
Faculty Pharmacists (Cairo)
Faculty of Arabic Language (Cairo)
Faculty of Architecture (Cairo)
Faculty of Architecture (Qina)
Faculty of Shariah wal Qonun (Asyut)
Faculty of Da'wa wal Ushuluddin (Manshourah)
Faculty of Da'wa wal Ushuluddin (Minoufiyah)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Cairo)
Faculty of Agriculture (Cairo)
Faculty of Medicine (Cairo)
Faculty of Economics (Cairo)
Faculty of Arabic Language (Minoufiyah)
Faculty of Arabic Language (Girja)
Faculty of Shariah wal Qonun (Tanta)
Faculty of Tarbiyah (Cairo)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Qina)
Faculty of Arabic Language (Zaqaziq)
Faculty of Dentistry (Cairo)
Faculty of Science (Asyut)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Aswan)
Faculty of Languages ​​and Translation (Cairo)
Faculty of Tarbiyah (Tafahna Al-Ashraf)
Faculty of Arabic Language (Asyut)
Faculty of Sharia (Damanhur)
Faculty of Dentistry (Asyut)

Faculty Women

Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Alexandria)
Faculty Pharmacists (Cairo)
Faculty of Medicine (Cairo)
Faculty of Economics (Cairo)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Asyut)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Sohaj)
Faculty of Psychology (Cairo)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Cairo)
Faculty of Dentistry (Cairo)
Faculty of Science (Cairo)
For the Faculty of Religious Women (Asir Ramadan)
For the Faculty of Religious Women (Thaybah)
Faculty of Economics Affairs (Tanta)
Faculty Dirasat Islamiyah (Manshourah)

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