History of Real Madrid C.F. ~ TURN ON YOUR LIFE

Sunday, February 19, 2012

History of Real Madrid C.F.

Real Madrid Club de Fútbol (in Spanish pronunciation: [real maðɾið kluβ de futβol]), commonly known by the name of Real Madrid alone, is a professional football club based in the city of Madrid, Spain. Founded on March 6, 1902 under the name Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, ​​the team is using the title of Real ("royal") after King Alfonso XIII of Spain gave official permission to the club in June 1920. Real Madrid has played in the Spanish League First Division (Primera División) is referred to as La Liga since the beginning of the competition began, in 1928, and is the most successful club in Spain based on the championship trophy they have achieved.

With FC Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao, the club has become one of the clubs that have not been relegated to a lower division. The club is also one of the best club of the 20th century by FIFA. They have won 31 La Liga titles, 18 Copa del Rey titles, 8 Spanish Super Cup, Champions Cup 9 / UEFA Champions League, two UEFA Cups, 1 European Super Cup and Intercontinental Cup 3.

Real Madrid is a traditional costume in white, so nicknamed Los Merengues (white team). The stadium is the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium cage with a capacity of 80 354 spectators. Real Madrid itself has a pretty fierce rivalry, especially with Barcelona (known as El Clásico) and the club's city rivals Atletico Madrid (known as El Derbi madrileño).
Since the 2000s, Real Madrid is known as a team that likes to buy expensive players world-class, so it is given a new nickname, the Los Galacticos (team galaxy). The club is also known as one of the richest club in the world, with revenues of 438.6 million euros in 2011.

History of Real Madrid C.F.

The beginning (1902-1945)

Real Madrid started the beginning of time introduced soccer to Madrid by academics and students of the Institución libre de enseñanza that included some of the graduates from the University of Oxford and Cambridge Universities. They founded Football Club Sky in 1897 which then often played football regularly on Sunday mornings at Moncloa. The club was then split into two in 1900, namely: New Foot-Ball de Madrid and Club Español de Madrid.

Last club split again in 1902 which then generates the formation of Madrid Football Club on March 6, 1902. Three years after the founding, in 1905, Madrid FC won the first title after defeating Athletic Bilbao in the Copa del Rey final. The club became a founding member of the Royal Spanish Football Federation on January 4, 1909 when club president Adolfo Meléndez signed the agreement establishing the basis of the Spanish Royal Football Association. With some reason, the club moved to Campo de O'Donnell in 1912. In 1920, the club's name changed to Real Madrid after Alfonso XIII of Spain allowed the club to use real words, which means kingdom to this club.

In 1929, the Spanish League was founded. Real Madrid's first season leading the league until the last game, but it was a surprise defeat by Athletic Bilbao which causes a degree that is almost certainly won, won by Barcelona. Real Madrid finally won their first La Liga title in 1931-32 season. Real then successfully defended his title the following year and went on to become the first Spanish club to win La Liga twice in a row.

Era Santiago Bernabeu and success in Europe (1945-1978)

Santiago Bernabéu Yeste was elected president of Real Madrid 1943.Di years under his leadership, Real Madrid and then managed to build the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium and the club's training ground at the Ciudad Deportiva who previously had damaged the Spanish Civil War. In 1953, the Bernabeu and then start building the team by bringing foreign players, one of which is Alfredo Di Stefano.

In 1955, based on the idea proposed by the French sports journalist and editor of L'Equipe, Gabriel Hanot, Bernabéu, Bedrignan, and Gusztáv Sebes create a soccer tournament trial by inviting the best clubs from all over mainland Europe. The tournament was then the basis of the UEFA Champions League that took place at this time.

Under the guidance of the Bernabéu, Real Madrid established itself as a major force in football, both in Spain and in Europe. Real Madrid won the European Cup five consecutive times between 1956 and 1960, including 7-3 victory over German club, Eintracht Frankfurt in 1960.Setelah fifth consecutive successful, Real permanently awarded the original cup tournament and earn the right to wear the UEFA badge of honor. Real Madrid went on to win the European Cup for the sixth time in 1966 after defeating FK Partizan 2-1 in the final composition of the team composed entirely of Spanish nationality players, but it's the first time in the history of the game came to be known by this Eropa.Tim nickname "Ye -ye ". The name "Ye-ye" comes from "Yeah, yeah, yeah" chorus in the Beatles song titled "She Loves You" after four members of the team posed for Diario Marca newspaper wearing a wig typical of the Beatles. Generation "Ye-ye" also won the Champions Cup in both 1962 and 1964.

In the 1970s, Real Madrid won the league championship 5 times with 3 times Spanish champions. Madrid went on to play in his first UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final in 1971 and lost by a score of 1-2 of the English club, Chelsea.Pada dated July 2, 1978, the club president Santiago Bernabéu died when the FIFA World Cup is underway in Argentina. FIFA then imposed three days of mourning to honor him during the tournament. The following year, the club held a championship trophy Santiago Bernabéu as a form of homage to the former president.

Up and down, Quinta del Buitre generation, and the seventh European Cup (1980-2000)

In the early 1980's, such as Real Madrid lost its grip on La Liga and they took several years to get back again toward the top with the help of some new stars. The success of the new star is then called by the Spanish sports journalist as the era of La Quinta del Buitre generation ("Five Birds Nazar"), which comes from the name of el buitre ("eagles"), the nickname given to one of the players Madrid at the time, Emilio Butragueno. Other members are Manuel Sanchis, Rafael Martín Vázquez, Miguel Pardeza, and Míchel. With La Quinta del Buitre (later reduced to four members when Miguel Pardeza left the club and moved to Real Zaragoza in 1986) and the well-known players like goalkeeper Francisco Buyeo, right-back Miguel Porlán Chendo, and Mexico striker Hugo Sanchez, Real Madrid managed to rise and have the best power in mainland Spain and Europe in the second half of the 1980s. The results are also quite significant: they managed to win two UEFA Cups, five Spanish league titles in a row, one Spanish Cup and three Spanish Super Cups. In the early 1990s, the La Quinta del Buitre officially parted ways after Rafael Martín Vázquez, Emilio Butragueno, and Míchel left the club.

In 1996, President Lorenzo Sanz appointed Fabio Capello as coach. Although his tenure lasted only one season, Real Madrid won the La Liga through contributions Roberto Carlos, Predrag Mijatovic, Davor Suker, Clarence Seedorf and the help of the local players such as Raul Gonzalez, Fernando Hierro, Iván Zamorano and Fernando Redondo. Real Madrid then add ammunition to the arrival of Fernando Morientes in 1997. They wait 32 years to be victorious again in Europe finally ended in 1998 under manager Jupp Heynckes as had escaped into the UEFA Champions League Final and beat Juventus with 1-0 thanks to goals from Predrag Mijatovic.

The current era (2000-present)

A few months after the eighth European title, Real Madrid chose a new president in July 2000 and was elected Spanish businessman Florentino Pérez. In his campaign he promised to erase the club's debt and modernize the club's facilities. But the main promise that drive Pérez to victory at the polls was the purchase of Luís Figo from Madrid eternal enemies, the next Barcelona.Tahun, the club built a new training camp and use the money they can from the previous year to begin recruiting a star player by Spanish journalist referred to as "Los Galacticos", with the signing of players like Zinedine Zidane, Ronaldo, Luís Figo, Roberto Carlos, Raúl González and David Beckham. Could be a debate when players purchased by Perez failed to support the achievements of the club, but was overshadowed by the ninth Madrid Champions League title in 2002 which followed the Intercontinental Cup title the same year and end in La Liga title in 2003. However, since 2003 until 2006, though filled with rows of star players, the club failed to win any trophies.

Ramón Calderón was elected as club president on July 2, 2006, and then he picked up Fabio Capello as the new coach and Predrag Mijatovic as the new director of football. Real Madrid won the La Liga title in 2007 for the first time in four years. But just moments after winning the title, Capello was fired.

In the 2007-2008 season, Real Madrid won the domestic league to-31 time under German coach, Bernd Schuster. On June 1, 2009, Florentino Pérez return to Real Madrid president, and survive to this day. Pérez continue the tradition by purchasing a star signing Kaka from AC Milan and then buy Cristiano Ronaldo of Manchester United's transfer record with a price of 80 million pounds sterling.


Real Madrid emblem from time to time.

Real Madrid club's first emblem was a simple design with a decorative braid and three capital letters are written as "MCF" which stands for Madrid Club de Futbol is wrapped in a dark blue shirt and white colors. The first change the symbol of the club occurred in 1908, when they adopt a more streamlined shape and placement of letters on the club's initials in a circle.

The next change of the logo and then not until Pedro Parages became club president in 1920. At that time, King Alfonso XIII gave additional names for Madrid, the "Real" which freely translated as "kingdom" which then makes the club known as the "Real Madrid". As an amendment, crown symbol of the kingdom of Alfonso added to the top of the logo and later became its own style of club Real Madrid Club de Futbol.

As the dissolution of the monarchy in 1931, all the royal symbols (the crown at the top of the logo and the words Real) is removed. The crown was replaced by a strip of black mulberry that characterizes Castile Region. [9] In 1941, two years after the end of the Spanish Civil War, the symbol and the words "Real Corona" or "Royal Crown" which had been removed, restored and combined with mulberry lines Castile . Also in the top of the logo also created a full color, with the most significant gold color, and the club was again called Real Madrid Club de Futbol. Recent modifications in the top of the logo occurred in 2001 when the club would like more menonjolan image for the 21st century to standardize the top of the logo. One of the modifications made was changing the mulberry a dark blue line with a rather bright blue color.

Traditional costume colors for Real Madrid home game is white, although it initially adopted a blue oblique lines on their shirts (logo design that is stored in the club), but now the design is not used anymore. The first sock is worn dark blue. Blue striped shirt was replaced by a plain white T-shirt that the club adopted the model of Corinthian FC in 1902. In the same year, replaced the blue socks with black. In the early 1940s, the management team to change their costume model by adding buttons to their shirts and the club logo placement on the left that stands to this day. On 23 November 1947, in a match against Atletico Madrid at Metropolitan Stadium, Real Madrid became the first Spanish team to wear numbered jerseys.

Meanwhile, the traditional color of Real Madrid shirt for away games are sometimes black or purple.
Club equipment currently manufactured by Adidas whose contract started in 1998. Real Madrid's first shirt sponsored by Zanussi, agreed for the season 1982-1983, 1983-1984, and 1984-1985. After that, Real Madrid Otaysa sponsored by Parmalat and, before long-term contracts Teka woven together in 1992. In 2001, Real Madrid to end their contract with Teka and for one season Realmadrid.com logo used to promote the club's official website. Then, in 2002, they megadakan agreement signed with Siemens Mobile and in 2006, the BenQ Siemens logo appeared on T-shirts in the shirt klub.Sponsor current club Real Madrid is bwin.com following the financial problems experienced by BenQ Siemens.


After moving home to the Campo de O'Donnell in 1912, which then persist for eleven years, the club then moved home to the Campo de Ciudad lineal for a year. Campo de Ciudad lineal is a small ground with a capacity of 8,000 spectators. After that, Real Madrid moved home to Chamartín Stadium which was inaugurated on May 17, 1923 with a match against Newcastle United. At the stadium has a capacity of 22 500 spectators present, Real Madrid celebrated its Spanish League title first. After some success, and as the Santiago Bernabéu Yeste election as president of the club, he then decided that the stadium Chamartín not big enough for the club's ambitions at Madrid. He then built a new stadium was inaugurated on December 14, 1947.

The stadium is the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium used to date, although the stadium is not using that name until 1955.  The first match held on Bernabéu was played between Real Madrid and Portuguese club CF Os Belenenses, and was won by Real Madrid with a final score of 3-1, and the first goal scored by Sabino Barinaga Alberdi.
The capacity of the stadium and then changed in 1953, as the renovations are done, thus making the audience peaking capacity to 120,000 spectators.

Since then some modernization carried out at the stadium, one of which negate the point of standing watch over the 1998-1999 UEFA regulations. [40] The last change made in 2003, ie an increase of about five thousand seat stadium to capacity to 81 254. A plan to add a roof that can be opened also been announced to the public.

Bernabéu stadium has hosted several world-class games, including the European Cup Final 1964, 1982 FIFA World Cup Final, as well as the European Cup / UEFA Champions League 1957, 1969, 1980, and 2010.
The stadium also has its own transport network, a metro station which is also named Santiago Bernabéu.Pada dated 14 November 2007, Bernabéu Stadium to get status as a UEFA Elite Stadium.
On May 9, 2006, Alfredo Di Stefano Stadium was inaugurated in Madrid where Real Madrid is now common practice. First game played there was between Real Madrid and Stade de Reims, a rematch of the 1956 European Cup Final. Real Madrid won the match by a score of 6-1 with goals from Sergio Ramos, Antonio Cassano (2), Roberto Soldado (2), and José Manuel Jurado. This place is now part of the Ciudad Real Madrid, the club's new training facility located outside of Madrid, to be precise in Valdebebas. The stadium holds 5,000 people, and became the home of the club Real Madrid Castilla. The stadium's name is taken from the former Real Madrid star Alfredo di Stefano.


Almost in every season, the spectators who came to meet Santiago Bernabéu Stadium is filled by a majority of its subscription ticket holders totaling approximately 68 670 people. For a subscription per season ticket holder, the candidate should join to support the official club or so-called socio. Currently there are at least 1800 the club's official supporters group dispersed, either in Spain or in the World. Average number of spectators in the stadium every time Real Madrid match shed about 65,000 people. The best achievement reached in the 2004-05 season, when the average number of spectators in attendance reaching 71 900 people. However, this record of Barcelona which has lost an average of 76,000 people.

Hard-liners called Ultras Sur Real Madrid which includes right-wing fans. This fan group has a close alliance partnership with a support group SS Lazio, called Irriducibili. On several occasions, often times there are a number of racist remarks of this support group to the players of the opposing team and then make a UEFA investigation was to investigate the case.

El Clásico

El Clásico that occurred in the 2008-2009 season.
In a national league in the country, there is often fierce competition between the two strongest teams, and this is particularly the case in La Liga, where the match between Real Madrid and Barcelona are known as "The meeting Classics" (El Clásico). Since the beginning of a national competition began, the two clubs is often viewed as a reflection / representative of two different regions in Spain: Catalunya and Castilla, and of the two cities. This competition reflects a variety of things, including political and cultural tensions between Catalunya and Castilla which is a general description of the Spanish Civil War.

During the era of the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera and especially Francisco Franco (1939-1975), all regional cultures suppressed. All languages ​​used in the Spanish territory, except in Spanish (Castilla), was officially banned. [Symbolization people's desire for freedom Catalunya Barcelona to make "more than just a football club" (mes que un club) for the Catalan community. According to Manuel Vázquez Montalban, the best way for people to identify themselves as Catalan is to join Barcelona. It is less risky than joining the anti-Franco movement, and allows them to express their dissatisfaction.

On the other hand, Real Madrid was widely seen as a manifestation of sovereign centralism and the fascist regime in the management level and below. Santiago Bernabeu who became president of the club is a fighter for los nacionales.  However, during the Spanish Civil War, members of both clubs like Josep Sunyol (Barcelona) and Rafael Sánchez Guerra (Real Madrid) gave up in the hands of Franco supporters.
During 1950, the competition is worse when there is controversy surrounding the transfer of Alfredo di Stefano, who finally played for Real Madrid and next is the key to their success.  In the 1960's, the two clubs met in the Champions Cup more than twice and in 2002, a meeting between the European club dubbed the "Match of the Century" by the Spanish media, and witnessed by more than 500 million people around the world.

El Derbi madrileño

Nearest neighbors of the club is Atletico Madrid Real Madrid are also making a tough competition between fans of both football teams from the capital Madrid. Although Atlético was originally founded by three Basque students in 1903, they then managed to get a new power in 1904, as the joining of former Real Madrid player. Further tensions came because Real Madrid supporters more than the middle class, while Atletico fans more of the working class and workers. These two clubs met for the first time on February 21, 1929 in the third match in La Liga season. This game also marks as well as the first derby match between these two teams. The match Real Madrid managed to win with a score of 2-1.

In several subsequent occasions, they meet again in another arena, one in the Champions Cup semifinals in 1959, in which Real won the first game with the score 2-1 at the Santiago Bernabéu and replied to a 1-0 win at Atletico Metropolitano which makes the game must be repeated . In a repeat of that, Real Madrid managed to win with a score of 2-1. Atletico then managed to take revenge by beating Real Madrid twice in the Copa del Generalísimo 1960 and 1961 when trained by former Real Madrid coach José Villalonga Llorente. Real Madrid has won El Derbi madrileño as much as 75 times.

Between 1961 and 1989, when Real Madrid dominated La Liga, Atletico are only able to steal a chance at real champions off guard. They managed to win the La Liga title in 1966, 1970, 1973, and 1977. In 1965, Atlético became the first team to beat Real at the Bernabéu in eight years. Note Real Madrid against Atletico at the present time very favorable for Real Madrid camp. an impressive victory in the derby is the case in 2002-03, when Real Madrid won La Liga title after winning by a score of 0-4 for Atletico at the Vicente Calderón Stadium .

Real Madrid player is profile C.F.2012

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